The United Nations was originally created to sustain global peace keeping. However, the organization itself hasn’t done much to achieve the process in truth.
The intergovernmental organization dedicated to preserving global peace and prosperity has existed since the end of World War II. It’s Security Council is the strongest wing of the organization consisting of five permanent members since it’s foundation: Britain, the United States, France, China and Russia.
Other nations have tried to vie for a seat on the permanent side of the council. This is usually to no avail. Every nation that desires a seat is blocked by rivals. It is most likely to continue in that way.
This is also one of the reasons why many resolutions cannot get passed. One of the nations on the Security Council will block resolutions as it benefits themselves or their allies. The Syrian Civil War is a current prime example of this.
With Russia backing the Syrian Government, while Britain, France and the U.S. support some of the opposition fighters. Some of which have ties to or are part of Islamist groups such as ISIL. The Security Council has done little to bring peace and to halt the conflict that has dragged on for five years now.
The vetoing power and chairmanship position of the Security Council is anachronistic and a joke. Our geopolitical world has changed since 1945 when most of the world was still colonized by European powers of like Britain and France. The G4 nations: Brazil, Germany, India and Japan have supported each others bid for a seat on the Security Council. They are however rejected by other members of the U.N. General Assembly.
The Security Council also has had little breakthrough in dealing with China’s ally, North Korea. Resolutions have been unsuccessful on the country’s nuclear program. In February 2015 a U.N. Panel of Experts found that “the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea continued to defy Security Council resolutions by persisting with its nuclear and ballistic missile programmes.”
The report also indicated the country does not intend to cease the program. North Korea has conducted two more nuclear tests just this year. One was in January and the other was earlier this month. The latter being its most powerful detonation thus far. With more U.N. sanctions and prohibitions, the DPRK becomes evidently more defiant.
The U.N. Human Rights Council isn’t any better. The UNHRC has disproportionately focused on the Israeli-Arab Conflict for years. Israel has been condemned in 62 resolutions since the creation of the UNHRC in 2006.
The U.N. in general uses a different type of rhetoric when dealing with Israel. The nation itself has been referred to as an “Occupying Power” 530 times by the U.N. It has not taken up the same tone with Turkey’s involvement in Northern Cyprus, Russia’s in Crimea and areas of Georgia or Vietnam’s in Cambodia.
Some of the nations that have been elected to the UNHRC are also known for having the worst human rights records. One must admit it’s morbidly ironic that the council consist of nations like China, Cuba, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela and Vietnam. Other nations on the list such as Algeria, Bangladesh, Jordan, Kenya and Nigeria as either “not qualified” or “questionable” by a joint report from Freedom House and U.N. Watch.
Israel is constantly condemned for its actions toward the Palestinian community. Perhaps it’s easy for the U.N. to attack Israel because the organization is not being shelled by Gaza. The U.N. turns a blind eye to other situations. The organization reflects a “deep concern” over rights violations in South Sudan.
Saudi Arabia as a council member to the UNHRC has committed systematic human rights violations. It has also used the membership to shield itself from condemnation for its action in Yemen. At this rate the UNHRC will face the same loss of credibility of its predecessor, UN Commission on Human Rights.
The International Day of Peace will come and go. After the 21st international conflicts will pick up as they were before. The Syrian Civil War will continue to drag on. China and Russia will continue with violations of human rights and individual freedoms.
The U.N. will try its best attempts at international peacekeeping with varying degrees of success. If World War II was an indication of the League of Nations failure, one might fret that the Syrian Civil War might be the downfall of the U.N.